Assembly of the Republic, Lisbon

Portugal is the main cork supplier

worldwide

Portugal has about 350,000 hectares

dedicated to wine production

Economic Situation:

Portugal is located in the south western part of the Iberian Peninsula; bordering Spain on the north and east and the Atlantic Ocean on the west and south, with Lisbon as its capital.

Portugal is one of the EU’s medium developed countries. Following the trend of its European partners, the weight of the Portuguese services sector has increased significantly in recent decades. The traditional manufacturing has changed dramatically to a larger incorporation of technology. Out of 131 countries Portugal ranks 40th according to the 2007-2008 Global Competitiveness Report. Textiles, footwear, wine and tourism are the pillar industries, while the tertiary industry has showed a rapid growth in recent years. Portugal’s economic growth rate in 2008 was 0.9% and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) amounted to EUR 219 billion, with EU countries being the major trading partners.

In 2007, primary, secondary and tertiary sectors contributed to the GDP 7.9%, 25.9% and 66.2%, respectively. The working population in these industries weighted 10%, 30% and 60% of the total labor force.

Business Opportunities:

Industry and Agriculture

Of the GDP in 2007, industry and agriculture accounted for 25.9% and 7.9% respectively. Portugal’s major industries are electricity, textiles, clothing, food, electronic equipment, ceramics and cork, to name a few. Annual cork production is about 150,000 tons, accounting for more than half of the world’s total output and first in total export. Industries such as automotives, mechanical, moulding, pharmaceuticals and renewable energy are developing rapidly, with 19% of the energy supply coming from renewable energy making it the third in EU, second to Sweden and Austria. People 10% of the working population is engaged in agriculture, the main agricultural products include wine, potatoes, corn and olive oil, a traditional wine producer, Portugal’s main exports are Port and Green wine.

Service

The output of Portugal’s service sector has been growing annually and the output levels and national employment percentages are close to those of developed countries in EU. The service sector output in 2007 amounted to EUR107.84 billion, accounting for 66.2% of the GDP. Portugal’s service industries mainly include banking, insurance, hotels, catering, transportation, communications, social and personal services.

Tourism

Tourism is one of the most important components of the Portuguese economy, with revenues in 2007 amounting to EUR7.12 billion, equivalent to 4.4%of the GDP and employing 10 of the country’s workforce. In 2007, 12 million tourist visited Portugal and out of 130 countries Portugal places in 22nd in Travel and Tourism Competitivenes. Portugal is known as a safe and secure tourist destination, with tourists mainly coming from France, Germany, The Netherlands, the UK and Spain all heading for Lisbon, Faro and the Algarve.

Source:

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/chn/default.htm

Macao Trade and Investment Promotion Institute,http://www.ipim.gov.mo

Main Economic Indicators 2008

Gross Domestic Product (US$ Billions)
219
Real GDP growth (%)
0.9
GDP per capita (current US$)
22,000
Inflation (%)
2.9
Land area (ten thousand sq km)
92,391
Population (Million)
10.676

Source: CIA- The World Fact Book-Portugal, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html

Major Website Recommendations::

Foreign Trade from 2004 to 2008 (Unit: US$ billions)
Year
Total Trade
Exports
Imports
2008
122.91
50.72
72.19
2007
114.51
46.77
67.74
2006
99.15
38.80
60.35
2005
89.78
37.68
52.10
2004
74.86
31.13
43.73

Source:

CIA-The World Fact Book-Portugal,

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html

Index Mundi-Country Facts, http://indexmundi.com/

Main Exports: agricultural products, oil products, food products, chemical products, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, plastics and rubber, textiles, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, animal skin and leather, minerals and mineral products, base metals, vehicles and other transportation material.

Main Imports: agricultural products, oil products, food products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, animal skin and leather, textiles, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, computer accessories and parts, household goods, wine products, clothing, footwear, minerals and mineral products, base metals, machinery and tools, vehicles and other transportation material, semi-conductors and related devices.

Main Destinations of Exports (2007)
%
Main Origins of Imports (2007)
%
Spain
27.1
Spain
29.5
Germany
12.9
Germany
12.9
France
12.3
France
8.4
UK
5.9
Italy
5.2
US
4.8
Netherlands
4.6
Angola
4.5
Italy
4

Source:CIA-The World Fact Book–Portugal,https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html

Mainland China–Portugal Trade (Unit: US $10,000)
Year
Total
Exports
Imports
2008
223,144
191,429
31,716
2007
221,081
182,628
38,453
2006
171,353
135,972
35,381
2005
123,586
91,201
32,385
2004
86,930
58840
28,090

Source: Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China, http://zhs.mofcom.gov.cn/tongji.shtml

Macao-Portugal Bilateral Trade (Unit: Mop)
Year
Total
Exports
Imports
2008
176,917,177
5,569,062
171,348,115
2007
154,031,726
2,744,783
151,286,943
2006
7,215,473
7,215,473
132,242,774

Note 1 : Exports = Domestic Exports + Re-exports

Source: The Statistics and Census Service http://www.dsec.gov.mo/

Source: