MARKET BRIEFING – PERU

Peru Gaming Show 2013
A view of the capital-Lima
Callao is the chief seaport of Peru

OVERALL ECONOMIC SITUATION

Peru is situated in western South America, bordering Ecuador and Colombia in the north, Brazil in the east, Chile in the south, Bolivia in the south-east, and the Pacific Ocean in the west. The country is rich in mineral resources, being one of the twelve largest mineral production countries in the world. Major mineral products include gold, silver, bronze, zinc, and aluminium. Forests cover 78 million hectares, comprising 58% of the country’s total area, which is second only to Brazil in South America. There are abundant marine resources with fish meal production ranking amongst the highest in the world.
Peru is a traditional agricultural and mining country, with economic development being about average for Latin American countries. In recent years, Peru’s economy has been developing rapidly, recording a growth of 6.29% and 5.02% in 2012 and 2013 respectively.

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES

Industry

Major industries are processing and assembly. In 2013, the manufacturing and construction industry recorded the growth of 1.4% and 9.21% respectively.

Agricultural and fisheries Industries

The agricultural and fisheries industries made up to 7.3% of the country’s GDP in 2012, a third of the population is involved in agriculture and Peru is a major producer of fish meal and fish oil.

Tourism

Peru was the centre of the Inca Empire and thus the country possesses rich tourism resources. In 2012, the country received a total of 3.49 million visitors, generating foreign exchange revenue of US$2.657 billion. Major tourist attractions are the City of Cusco, Machu Picchu, Plaza Mayor and the Gold Museum.

MAIN ECONOMIC INDICAT ORS 2013
Gross Domestic Product (Us$ billion) 344
Real GDP growth (%) 5.1
GDP per capita (Us$) 11,100
Inflation (%) 2.9
Land area (sq km) 1,285,216
Population (Million) 30.15

Source:: CIA-The World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pe.html

Foreign Trade from 2009 to 2013

(US$100 million)
Year
Total Trade
Exports
Imports
2013 83.61 41.48 42.13
2012 86.75 45.64 41.11
2011 83.24 46.27 36.97
2010 61.3 35.56 25.74
2009 47.89 26.88 21.01

Major Export Commodities: copper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, iron ore, molybdenum, silver; crude petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas; coffee, asparagus and other vegetables, fruit, apparel and textiles, fishmeal, fish, chemicals, fabricated metal products and machinery, alloys

Main Import Commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, plastics, machinery, vehicles, color tv sets, power shovels, frontend loaders, telephones and telecommunication equipment, iron and steel, wheat, corn, soybean products, paper, cotton, vaccines and medicines

source:
1.CIA-The World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ve.html
2.Index Mundi-Country Fact, http://www.indexmundi.com/venezuela/

Main Destinations for Exports (2012) %
China 19.9
US 15.7
Canada 9.5
Japan 6.6
Spain 5.2
Chile 4.9
Main Origin for Imports (2012) %
US 24.6
China 14
Brazil 6.4
Argentina 5
Chile 4.8
Colombia 4.2
Ecuador 4.1
Mexico 4

Source:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pe.html

MAINLAND CHINA – PERU

(US$100 million)
Year Total Exports Imports
2013(Jan-Sep) 114.7 62.1 52.6
2012 137.96 53.33 84.63

source:Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China http://mds.mofcom.gov.cn/article/Nocategory/

MACAO- PERU BILAT ERAL TRADE 2013

Type of Trade Weight (KG) Patacas
Imports 43,004 10,639,051
Exports

source:The Statistics and Census Service http://www.dsec.gov.mo/

SOURCE:
1. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/chn/default.htm
2. The Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of Chinahttp://zhs.mofcom.gov.cn/
3.The Economic and Commercial Counselor’s Office of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the Republic Peruhttp://co.mofcom.gov.cn/
4. The Statistics and Census Service http://www.dsec.gov.mo/
5. The World Factbook http://www.cia.gov/

MAJOR WEBSITE RECOMMENDATIONS :
http://www.peru.gob.pe/